The psycho Nobel Prize of Egas Moniz

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The psycho Nobel Prize of Egas Moniz

Living with someone suffering with mental illness is not an easy task and all through the ages there have been methods in trying to solve this problem.

As you can imagine there have been some seriously bizarre methods of trying to find a remedy. Some of the methods used can only be described as inhumane.

One such process went by the name of Lobotomy or also known as Leucotomy which was first undertaken in 1935. This form of psychosurgery was founded by Portuguese neurologist, Egas Moniz. In fact, it was he who actually coined the term psychosurgery.

This involved cutting or scraping away the frontal lobes of the brain to cure effects such as nervous tension, obsession and delusions. While there were a few cases of success, the operation usually replaced the problem with another.

Moniz eventually won a Nobel Prize for physiology of medicine in 1949 for his work.

By 1951, more than 20 000 lobotomies had been carried out in the United States alone. But by the mid 1950s, the horrific procedure had started to die out.

 

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